Several scientific associations in the world, recognize evidence establishing third molars as a potential source of problems and recommend the removal of third molars as the treatment of choice.
Third molars are removed in a surgical procedure, which sometimes requires removal of bone tissue to gain access to the tooth. An outpatient procedure is often done at the doctor´s office, after which, patients return home for recovery. Many patients also choose to have this procedure performed under sedation.
If all four third molars are embedded, it is advisable to perform a single surgical procedure for the removal of all embedded teeth. This option has its advantages, it requires a single procedure, a single dose of antibiotics and pain medication, and a single disability period, it also decreases the amount of appointments with the specialist and lowers costs among other.
In order to provide patients with the benefits of rapid healing and a low incidence of complications, embedded teeth should be removed as soon as it is detected that they will not erupt properly. Treatment of impacted teeth at an early age is associated with a decrease in complications and better outcomes. Treatment at older ages increases the incidence and severity of pre-operative and post-operative problems. A longer period of recovery and possible complications.
When making the decision of removing the third molars, the risks and benefits should be weighed against the decision of keeping them embedded and monitor them regularly; the determination must be made on a scientific basis and clinics.